The Lower Guayas River Flood Control Project
The Lower Guayas River Flood Control Project was designed to reduce rural and urban flooding, improve health and living conditions in the area, support agricultural development, and protect natural resources and the environment.
The EIA was conducted as part of feasibility studies, and the terms of reference incorporated provisions for stakeholder consultations to ensure that their views would be taken into account. Stakeholders included affected people, local NGOs, a national NGO, and local scientific experts. The first meeting, in the form of a briefing session with several NGOs present, was held prior to the initiation of project preparation. In later stages, a total of six consultative meetings were held between the implementing agency, NGOs, university representatives, and EIA consultants. The consultations resulted in the following outputs:
- The project design was changed to alter the position of flood evacuation canals, despite higher costs, to save an important wetland area
- Similarly, a proposed large outlet from a new reservoir into a river was dropped from the planned development in response to NGO concerns that the outlet would damage mangrove forest in the estuary. Instead, a multi-outlet design was developed in collaboration with the NGOs
- Mechanisms for NGO participation during project implementation - in the form of monitoring roles - were built into the project